Vitamin D in the development of your child

Did you know that receive 10 to 15 minutes of sun three times a week it is enough to produce the necessary levels of vitamin D the body needs your child to strengthen your immune system and prevent other diseases?

The National Institute of Health explains that when receiving a sunbath on the skin of the face, arms, back or legs, without sunscreen is sufficient to load the body of your child or any adult of the precious vitamin .

However, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP for short) recommends that children under 6 months do not receive direct sunlight and avoid as far as possible the use of sunscreens. Only apply small amounts if there is no alternative in the exposed body parts. For children older than 6 months, the use of sunscreen is more free, but the recommendation is to avoid peak sun hours between 10 am and 4 pm.

The truth is that vitamin D and calcium are essential for your child to enjoy strong teeth, healthy bone formation, have strong muscles, optimal heart rate and your nerves to function normally.

Vitamin D is so important not only been associated with healthy bones and teeth, but even some experts such as researchers at the Mayo Clinic attributed anticancer properties, as it can reduce inflation, strengthen the immune system, how to avoid diseases child rickets.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP for its acronym in English) increase in the summer of 2012 recommendations on what should be the intake of vitamin D in infants and children 200 International Units (IU by its acronym in English) to 400 IU daily . While children from one year to 19 years of age are recommended to consume 600 IU daily must.

While influenza vaccine and antiviral drugs such as Tamiflu can be alternatives to combat viral infections of the respiratory tract, some doctors who practice natural medicine believe that having optimal levels of vitamin D may also protect your child from possible infection. The veracity of this medical fact is controversial because it is a scientific discussion that has not yet been proven. Without thier, the effects and benefits of vitamin D to combat influenza have not been entirely discarded by the medical community and remain a source of ongoing studies, as in the case of epidemic study, influenza and vitamin D published in the Proceedings of the National Library of Medicine Do not forget that vitamin D helps absorb calcium and maintaining strong healthy, among other health benefits for your child, so take it never hurts.

It is essential that your child gets the necessary levels of vitamin D to protect your body deficiencies that can affect their development and growth, but the pediatrician is the best person to be measured by a blood test levels of vitamin your kid.

Strong reserves of vitamin D may not protect you from respiratory infections, but they will be better protected against diseases such as rickets, maintain a healthy inmonol├│gico systems, and regulates blood pressure.

At least five studies indicate that there is a direct link between a lower incidence of infections in the airways when children have a high intake of vitamin D, as pointed out two studies in 2009 on vitamin D deficiencies in newborns and acute respiratory infections and English study entitled “Association Between 25-hydroxyvitamin D serum level and upper respiratory tract infection in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination survey.”

Role of vitamin D

One of the first information you should know about vitamin D is that its function is to help the body absorb calcium. Both calcium and phosphate are two minerals that are vital for healthy bone formation. Muscle tissue and bone may be compromised if your child does not consume enough vitamin D through your diet. In the case of children insufficient vitamin D can cause rickets, while in adults osteoroporosis.

Sources of Vitamin D

The first source of vitamin D is through ultraviolet rays, so it is vital that your child has access to sunlight at least three times a week, according to recommends the National Institutes of Health of the United States. Remember that the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that parents apply sunscreen to their children over 6 months to avoid damage to the skin, however, parents or others responsible for the care of minors must weigh when and how much sun children receive. The AAP recommends that children do not receive the sun between 10:00 am and 4:00 pm to be when the sun’s rays are strongest and can cause the most damage.

In countries where winter prevents frequent contact with the sun, food and vitamin supplements are other options to supplement the body needs vitamin D.

In the United States, some foods, such as milk are reinforced with vitamin A and D, as explained by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA for its acronym in English). However, in countries like Canada strengthening milk with vitamin A and D in certain foods is required by law.

Do not forget that the best source of vitamin D for your child is to ultraviolet rays, however, pediatricians recommend other foods that can help to strengthen the intake of vitamin D in your child.

Foods containing vitamin D

salmon or tuna

Cod liver oil

milk (fortified)

egg yolk

orange juice (natural or fortified)

cheese

Butter

cream

oysters

mushrooms

liver, and

some cereals that are labeled that have been reinforced with vitamin D.

Do not forget that you read product labels to determine whether they contain vitamin D booster that will benefit your child.

Diseases caused by vitamin D deficiency

When your child does not get enough vitamin D can suffer from

Rickets (debilitamientode or deformation of the bones)

fractures

Contractions or spasms

Supplements and food units necessary for children

The only way you can tell if your child is getting enough vitamin D is through a blood test that your pediatrician practice it. When the doctor determines that your child has a deficiency of vitamin D it is likely to prescribe vitamin D supplements

The Office of Dietary Supplements Health Department explains that vitamin D is found in supplements and in fortified foods. The two types of supplements on the market are listed

D 2 (ergocalciferol) and

D 3 (cholecalciferol).

Both types of supplements increase the concentration of vitamin D in the blood.

Quick amount of vitamin D in certain foods

One of the most common myths is to think that milk or dairy products are one of the main sources of vitamin D. Therefore, National Institute of Health, through its Office of Dietary Supplements provides the following table specifying the International Units for each food that helps in vitamin D intake of your child.

1 tablespoon of cod liver oil equivalent to 1,360 IU with a Daily Value of 340

3.5 ounces of cooked salmon is equivalent to 360 IU, with a Daily Value of 90

3.5 ounces of such fish, known in English as mackarel equivalent to 345 IU, a Daily Value of 90

1 cup milk (skim, reduced fat, whole or enriched with vitamin D equivalent to 98 IU, a Daily Value of 25

1 tablespoon margarine enriched, equivalent to 60 IU, a Daily Value of 15

Ready to eat cereal with 1 cup of milk fortified with vitamin D equals 40 IU, a Daily Value of 10

1 whole egg (egg yolk contains vitamin D) is equivalent to 20 IU, a Daily Value 6

3.5 ounces of cooked beef liver or beef equals 15 IU, a Daily Value 4

1 ounce of cheese or Swiss cheese equals 12 IU, a Daily Value 4

Sources

Food and Drug Agency (FDA for its acronym in English). Page information processes and methods of adding vitamin D to milk in US Revised: December 27, 2012. http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodSafety/Product-SpecificInformation/MilkSafety/NationalConferenceonInterstateMilkShipmentsNCIMSModelDocuments/ucm301969.htm

National Library of Medicine (PubMed for its acronym in English). Page information about the study: Association of subclinical vitamin D deficiency in newborns With acute lower respiratory infection and Their mothers. Revised: December 28, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18030309?ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum

National Library of Medicine (PubMed for its acronym in English). Page information about the study: Association Between-hydroxyvitamin D serum level 25 and upper respiratory tract infection in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey “Revised. December 28, 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19237723?ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum

Mayo Clinic. Page information about how vitamin D and its benefits. Revised: 28 December 2012. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vitamin-d/NS_patient-vitamind

Mayo Clinic. Page of information about what is rickets. Revised: 30 December 2012. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/rickets/DS00813

National Institute of Health, through its Office of Dietary Supplements. Page on vitamin D. Revised: December 29, 2012. http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminD-QuickFacts/

National Institute of Health (MedlinePlus for its acronym in English). Page on vitamin D. Revised: December 28, 2012. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002405.htm