WHO (World Health Organization) defines reproductive health as the state of general welfare, from the point of physical, mental and social individuals. Everything related to the reproductive system: their functions, processes and not merely the absence of disease or ailments.
Under this concept, reproductive health implies that the individual can have a satisfying sex life as well as the ability to reproduce and the freedom to decide when and how often to do so.
Because of this freedom to decide whether or not to procreate and when is the right of both men and women have to be informed and to choose effective, safe and affordable methods of family planning and fertility regulation. In addition, it is implied the right of women to enable access to medical services that provide safe pregnancy and childbirth and to increase the likelihood of couples to have a healthy child.
As we see in this definition of reproductive health are four concepts; • Family planning; • safe motherhood • Child Survival; • Safe Sex
Meanwhile the Center for Prevention and Disease Control of the US (CDC, for its acronym in English) has the Division of Reproductive Health (DRH) and its goals; • To improve the reproductive health of women from menarche ( first menstrual period) to menopause. • Improve health care and pregnant women. • Improve the health of fetuses, newborns and infants.
DHR proposes that safe motherhood does not start before the moment of conception with proper diet rich in nutrients and healthy lifestyle, continues with the corresponding prenatal care and prevention and treatment, as far as possible, complications during pregnancy.
The ideal scenario is that women have a pregnancy of 38 to 40 weeks (full) without unnecessary interventions, that labor be sure the infant is healthy and that the postpartum period is healthy in a positive atmosphere that envelops and physical support and emotional support to the mother, the child and family.
The essential functions of HRD are: • Oversee step diseases, risk factors, preventive services and other associated factors. • Support research in the field of health. This helps in creating policies and public health programs based on evidence and knowledge. • Develop strategies to implement to ensure the application of scientific research in the field of pubic health (programs, policies and practices) • Establish .; strategic alliances to mobilize scientific findings into practice; • build the capacity, preparedness and response of the reproductive health of women. Support agencies and organizations to develop their capacity to implement, monitor, investigate and response during disasters and disease outbreaks;. • Technical and operational support to develop efficient internal processes and thus better serve the public through an operation, communication and systems suitable.
In short, the factors that influence reproductive health are multiple: age, lifestyle, genetics, medicine consumption, habits and chemical agents in the environment. It is important to note that many problems can be corrected reproductive systems. It is extremely important that the diagnosis and treatment can provide a doctor if you have any problems of reproductive health.