Cysts, unlike tumors, have a different structure and content. The cysts are filled soft fluid cavities that can be classified into two types
a) Functional Cyst: they are often benign and disappear on their own. They are linked to the production or release of the egg.
b) Cyst adenoma: solid, last longer, are potentially carcinogenic and should almost always be extracted.
Since initially can not be distinguished from one another, the growth of a cyst can not be ignored.
Whatever type of cyst that is, your fertility may be affected in several ways
a) If one of your ovaries is covered by a cyst may lose its functionality, so it may be that the eggs do not develop. The frequency and function of ovulation can be affected and preparation of the uterus being stopped.
b) If the cyst grows enough, you can block the exit of the egg from the ovary. So ovulation to completely making impossible conception.
c) If the cyst is cancerous, it is very likely that the removal of part of the ovary is recommended. Although you can conceive only a quarter of the ovary, whenever a fertility reproductive organ is put at risk is removed.
The best way to protect yourself from ovarian cysts is early diagnosis and timely treatment. Dr. Niels H. Lauersen
If the cyst is not functional type, it can be removed (not your ovary). This can be achieved by means of laparoscopy procedure or failing to be a little more complex surgery to remove the cyst.
Another alternative is to drain the cyst with a needle inserted through the vagina. Once the fluid has been removed, the cyst collapses and fertility can be restored.
To rule out the possibility that the cyst is malignant there is a blood test called CA 125, this test helps identify whether it is necessary that the cyst is removed.
Never you access that you perform a hysterectomy due to the presence of non-malignant ovarian cysts. Some surgeons may scare arguing that the removal of the uterus can protect you from a possible subsequent cancer Always ask for a second and even a third opinion.
In fact, the incidence, according to Dr. Niels, ovarian cancer in women in their forties and fifties is only 1 to 2 percent.
Sources; Blumenthal, S. J. (2002). Prevention’s Ultimate Guide to Women’s Health and Wellness: Action Plans for More Than 100 Women’s Health Problems. USA: Rodale Inc., Niels H. Lauersen, C. B. (2000). Getting Pregnant: What You Need to Know Right Now. New York: Touchstone.