Facts about overweight and obesity

In order to protect your child overweight and obesity have to understand what is and what damage that will produce lifetime are.

Fighting old ideas that being fat is healthy, and well-fed children have to look chubby is not easy, but worse is to fight bad habits and question foods and their ingredients, which silently attack the health of your boy. To address this monumental task is important to know the basic facts about obesity.

In a new offensive against obesity, the American Medical Association has classified obesity as a disease, away from the concept that obesity is the result of deesviaciones tipificándola behavior and as a general health disorder.

What is overweight and obesity?

Overweight and obesity are excessive fat accumulation that may cause health disorders, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO)

Diagnosis

To determine whether a person is overweight or obese, the Body Mass Index (known by its acronym as BMI), an indicator calculated by dividing a person’s weight in kilos by the square of your height in meters is used ( kg / m2).

WHO qualifies as overweight body mass index of at least 25, and obesity as a BMI of at least 30.

Doctors also want to measure waist circumference, because if most of the fat is in the waist rather than the hips, increases the risk of coronary problems and type 2 diabetes arteries risk increases, if waist circumference is more than 35 inches in women or 40 inches in men, according to the National Institute of Blood, Heart and Lung Institute (NHLBI by its acronym in English).

To properly measured waist circumference, place the tape measure around the waist and above the hipbones, and should take the action after exhaling.

overall figures

More than 1,500 million adults and 43 million children under five are overweight in the world.

Causes

The fundamental cause of overweight and obesity not only reduces the increase in world consumption of foods high in fat, salt and sugars, whether solid or liquid, but poverty of nutrients, but also a decrease in physical activity. Likewise, the consumption of processed foods high in sugar and salts- -high as Dr. Robert Lustig plantead in his book titualdo English “Fat Chance: Beating The Odds Against Sugar, Processed Food, Obesity, and Disease”. Other theories point to the effect that chemicals in food and its effect on health, as stated by the book The Food Revolution author John Robins.

Consequences

Overweight and obesity cause several noncommunicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes

Childhood obesity not only increases the risk of premature death and disability in adulthood, but also causes breathing difficulty, increased risk of fractures and hypertension, insulin resistance and psychological effects.

correctives

Obese and overweight people can regain their normal weight by limiting the intake of fats and sugars, increasing the intake of fruits, vegetables, legumes and whole grains and nuts, and doing regular physical activity.

For example, replace whole milk with skim milk could reduce a daily intake of 150 calories, or one pound every 20 days if the person eats three daily glasses.

Or remove the daily consumption of 12 ounces of soda can avoid 155 calories a day, or one pound every 23 days. Changes like these look minor, but can achieve significant results in relatively rapid periods.

From childhood mothers also play an important role in offering their children less likely to be obese, to suckle. The benefits of breast milk have no limits. Prevent your child is obese combines several factors, diet, lifestyle and physical activity.

Sources: National Institute of Blood, Heart and Lung, World Health Organization (WHO), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Photo by